Who is InternetNZ?
InternetNZ (Internet New Zealand Inc.) is the non-profit open membership organisation dedicated to protecting and promoting the Internet in New Zealand and fostering a coordinated, cooperative approach to its ongoing development.
Our primary objective is “high performance and unfettered access for all” so the Internet continues to operate in an open environment that cannot be captured by any entity or individual for their own ends.
- To promote easily available access to the Internet for New Zealanders including fibre to every home.
- To develop, maintain and disseminate standards for the Internet and its associated technologies and applications.
- To develop effective administrative processes for the operation of the Internet in New Zealand.
- To promote education and conduct research related to the Internet.
- To represent the common interests of the wider NZ Internet community.
- To support continued competitive provision of access to the Internet.
The InternetNZ mandate & constituency
Our mandate is to advocate for an open and uncaptureable Internet and manage the .nz domain name space, based upon:
- InternetNZ is a not-for-profit, charitable society that is open and transparent, with an open membership policy encouraging any interested stakeholder to join and participate in the activities and contribute to its consensus based decision making.
- The Society is governed by a Council, which is elected by the membership.
- InternetNZ offers a framework and support for members to participate in influencing the policies and practices affecting the fabric of the Internet network in New Zealand thereby discharging its responsibilities as the ccTLD manager to act in the best interests of the local Internet community.
- The .nz delegation is assigned to InternetNZ by ICANN with the consent of the local Internet community.
- InternetNZ has effectively managed the .nz delegation since 1996.
- The Objects of InternetNZ are focused on the protection and promotion of the Internet, for the benefit of all New Zealanders.
- InternetNZ provides leadership in addressing issues that confront the future of the Internet, for the benefit of all New Zealanders.
Our constituency is all those who might benefit from the realisation of our objectives, which in our view is all New Zealanders in a direct or indirect sense.
We work to maintain strong relationships with government, with businesses and with civil society organisations who have interests in ICT and the Internet, in order to learn more about their needs and to influence their work in line with our objects.
We publish the principles that drive our day-to-day work,. This gives an idea of how we would respond to an existing or arising problem or issue where we don’t already have work underway.
The underlying technologies and some aspects of public policies for the Internet are governed by the “Requests for Comment” (RFC’s) processes, which are administered by the global body named the Internet Engineering Task Force, who develop consensus based standards amongst the technical Internet community.
The specific RFC that provides guidance for InternetNZ in discharging its responsibilities are covered in RFC1591 (www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc1591.txt), published in March 1994. This RFC advocates that ccTLD Managers act in the best interests of the local Internet community and InternetNZ is highly motivated in fulfilling this challenge.
InternetNZ is the recognised delegated manager for the .nz country code top level domain. This delegation is from the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA), a function managed by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN).
The redelegation to InternetNZ occurred in 1996, when Waikato University wished to cease providing domain name registration services due to the increasing demand for domain names in the .nz space, during the years of rapid growth of the Internet. IANA authorised this friendly redelegation, and the New Zealand Government acknowledged this change a number of years later.
On 29 October 2007, InternetNZ and ICANN entered into an arrangement by "exchange of letters" recognising each other and the obligations of the two parties in relation to the operation of the .nz domain name: www.icann.org/en/cctlds/nz/nz-icann-letters-29oct07.pdf
InternetNZ policies ensure strong protection of rights for individual domain name registrants’ in the .nz space The day-to-day management of the .nz domain is through our wholly-owned subsidiary company, the Domain Name Commission Limited (www.dnc.org.nz), and the .nz register is managed through another wholly owned subsidiary company, the New Zealand Domain Name Registry Limited (NZRS) (www.nzrs.net.nz).
InternetNZ gives each of its subsidiaries a Statement of Expectations each year, outlining its expectations as shareholder. The 2013/14 SoE documents are linked below:
The .nz register does not accept domain name registrations on an individual basis, but rather, enables an environment for a competitive market for registrars. InternetNZ maintains its primary relationships with those registrars to ensure the registrars maintain the direct relationship with their individual registrants.
InternetNZ was established in 1995. In this video from www.downtothewire.co.nz former InternetNZ President Colin Jackson recalls those early days.
History of the Internet in New Zealand
- Connecting the Clouds has all the details up to the year 2008. There is also a good Internet in New Zealand Timeline.
- For an audio-visual look at the history of the Internet in New Zealand, there is Down to the Wire.
- We've also got a collection of sources for the latest Internet statistics.